Circa dating system
To Grafton and Williams the importance of the consisted of two parts: in the first (‘the chronography’), "Eusebius treated the history of each ancient people or empire separately, listing their rulers or magistrates, the years of their reigns, and the events which took place in those years; in the second (‘the chronological canons’), he tried to reconcile the various chronologies and historical narratives current in the ancient world, by laying out their histories in a tabular format which would allow the reader to look across the columns and to compare what was going on in the different kingdoms at the same time.It was second part which was revolutionary, and it was this section which was translated and made available to the Latin West by Jerome.Do not use an abbreviation or acronym that your readers would not recognize quickly. , edited by Mary Rose Bonk and published in its twenty-seventh edition in 2000 by Gale Research Incorporated. The purpose of writing is communication, and anything that may cause confusion should be avoided. I.s (this week), but that’s just me saving a keystroke, probably. The first time you use an abbreviation, initialism, or acronym, spell it out and present the short version in parenthesis: The Greater Reno Water Authority (GRWA) calls for the use of native desert plants in all yards and gardens. ( — that it indicates a possessive and should not be used in a plural like this. In practice, I tend to stay out of the way when the big kids fight about things that I’m not terribly invested in. Using the words "Quality pen", one letter per year, followed by a quarter marker, allowing for dating within a ten year span.
Consisting of sheets folded and stitched together in the manner of a modern book, this type of book largely supplanted the scroll between the second and fourth centuries.
A few of these problems are briefly sketched below, but the primary intent here is to offer an easy overview of the edition, with special attention paid to the volumes devoted to Kant’s lectures. This set of reflections are printed alongside Baumgarten’s text, and are referred to by Adickes as ‘Erläuterungen’, rather than as ‘Reflexionen’, although they all belong to the same numbering-sequence. NB: Little or none of the material in (d) stems from Kant’s metaphysics lectures. The transcription is based on a handwritten copy prepared by Rudolph Baumbach in the 1920s. (iii) Uneingerichtetes aus K Includes an introduction by Lehmann as well as a reprint of Karsten, Kenntniß der Nature (1783 edition).
The history of this edition is rather checkered, however, with several poorly conceived and edited volumes. • “On a Discovery, according to which any new Critique of Pure Reason is made Superfluous through an Older” [Essay against Eberhard] (“Über eine Entdeckung, nach der alle neue Kritik der reinen Vernunft durch eine ältere entbehrlich gemacht werden soll,” 1790; 7-251). • The “Empirical Psychology” sections (§§504-699) from Baumgarten’s Metaphysica, and Kant's adjoining notes (‘Erläuterungen’) (15:5-54). (d) Metaphysik Herder “Introduction to Metaphysics, Metaphysical Foundations of Physics, from the original” [from Herder’s “Blue Notebook,” Herder Nachlaß XX.188] (5-66). Includes the notes to the metaphysics lectures, as well as a reprint of Pölitz’ “Prefaces” to his volumes of Kant’s lectures on religion of philosophy (1817) and metaphysics (1821). (1) Philosophische Religionslehre nach Pölitz [an-Pölitz 2] (3-1126). (2) Natürliche Theologie Volckmann nach Baumbach [Volckmann 4] (31-1225). (ii) Pölitz, “Vorreden zu Kants Vorlesungen über die philosophische Religionslehre”: 1st ed (14-16); 2nd ed (16-18). A photograph of the first page of the Herder manuscript is inserted after this selection.
Wilhelm Dilthey (1833-1911) inaugurated the Academy edition (the Akademie Ausgabe) of Kant’s writings — Kant’s Gesammelte Schriften (1900- ) — in 1894-95, and served as its first editor. The fourth section of the edition, devoted to the lecture notes, has been prepared by the Göttingen Academy of Sciences in collaboration with the Berlin academy. • Inquiry concerning the Distinctness of the Principles of Natural Theology and Morality (Untersuchung über die Deutlichkeit der Grundsätze der natürlichen Theologie und der Moral, 1764; 5-301). • “Announcement of the Program of his Lectures for the Winter Semester 1765-1766” (“Nachricht von der Einrichtung seiner Vorlesungen in dem Winterhalbenjahre von 1765-1766, 1765; 5-13). • “Essays Regarding the Philanthropinum” (“Aufsätze, das Philanthropin betreffend,” 1776-77; 7-52). • Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der blossen Vernunft, 1793; 6:3-202). • The Doctrine of Right (Metaphysiche Anfangsgründe der Rechtslehre, 1797; 5-355). Herder’s Ideas on the Philosophy of the History of Humanity” (“Recensionen von J. Herders Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit,” 1785; -66). A brief account of Kant’s copies of Baumgarten’s Metaphysica is given here. Some of these reflections are written in Kant’s copy of the Metaphysica, while others are on loose sheets. At the end of the 19th century and first decade of the 20th century, Paul Menzer, with the help of at least one other person, had copied out Herder’s notes from Kant’s lectures on metaphysics and physical geography — presumably all that he could find — along with a page of Herder’s notes from the logic lectures (the first page of NL-Herder XXV.37, corresponding to the text printed at AA 24: 3). (4) Fragment of a later manuscript on Rational Theology [Mrongovius 3] (23-31).
This was understood to be a major undertaking, and was to serve as a model for other such editions. Georg Reimer (Berlin) published the volumes until it was absorbed (along with several other publishers) by de Gruyter after WW I, who has since published the volumes. Several of the early volumes were reissued in a second edition, beginning in 1910; these were prepared rather hastily, unfortunately introducing a number of errors absent in the 1st edition (the entire text was re-set, but was not adequately proofed by the editors). • Explanatory Notes on the Metaphysical Foundations of the Doctrine of Right (Erläuternder Bemerkungen zu den metaphysischen Anfangsgründen der Rechtslehre, 1798; 6-72). Editorial introductions are collected at the end of the volume with the notes (337-415), and are listed below after the editor’s name. The editors responsible for the texts in this volume were Heinrich Maier, Max Frischeisen-Köhler, and Paul Menzer. They are arranged topically, rather than by date of composition. 1319-1342 (0-84) reprint the fragments of the an-Minerva student notes. [Schöndörffer fragments only] (ii) Philosophische Moral v. (iii) Philosophia practica Marburg [an-Friedländer 3] (20-47). This handwritten copy is now part of the Adickes Nachlaß (#4) stored at at the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences archive in Berlin and consists of 231 sheets (numbered in pencil by a librarian in the bottom-right corner of the recto-side of each sheet).